Effect of dipeptide on intestinal peptide transporter 1 gene expression: An evaluation using primary cultured chicken intestinal epithelial cells

Anim Sci J. 2021 Jan-Dec;92(1):e13604. doi: 10.1111/asj.13604.


Peptide transporter 1 (PepT1) is a transporter responsible for absorbing dipeptide and tripeptide in enterocytes and is upregulated by dipeptide in mammals. It has not been certain whether intestinal PepT1 expression is responsive to dipeptides in chickens because of the lack of in vitro study using the cultured enterocytes. This study established a primary culture model of chicken intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) in two-dimensional monolayer culture using collagen gel by which the response of chicken PepT1 gene expression to dipeptide stimuli was evaluated. The cultured chicken IECs showed the epithelial-like morphology attached in a patch-manner and exhibited positive expression of cytokeratin and epithelial cadherin, specific marker proteins of epithelial cells. Moreover, the chicken IECs exhibited the gene expression of intestinal cell type-specific marker, villin1, mucin 2, and chromogranin A, suggesting that the cultured IECs were composed of enterocytes as well as goblet and enteroendocrine cells. PepT1 gene expression was significantly upregulated by synthetic dipeptide, glycyl-l-glutamine, in the cultured IECs. From the results, we herein suggested that dipeptide is a factor upregulating PepT1 gene expression in chicken IECs.

Keywords: CHGA; MUC2; VIL1; enterocytes; two-dimensional monolayer culture using collagen gel.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chickens* / genetics
  • Chickens* / metabolism
  • Dipeptides* / metabolism
  • Dipeptides* / pharmacology
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Peptide Transporter 1 / genetics


  • Dipeptides
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Peptide Transporter 1
  • intestinal peptide-proton cotransporter