Effectiveness of Hematoma Aspiration and Platelet-rich Plasma Muscle Injections for the Treatment of Hamstring Strains in Athletes

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2022 Jan 1;54(1):12-17. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002758.

Abstract

Introduction: The effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment on recovery in acute hamstring injuries is controversial. Previous study results are inconsistent, and a standardized therapeutic approach has not been established yet.

Purpose: To assess the treatment effect using a combination of hematoma aspiration and muscle strain PRP injection in partial hamstring muscle tears (grade 2 strains) in athletes.

Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging of athletes with grade 2 hamstring strains were reviewed from 2013 to 2018. From 2013 to 2015, athletes were treated conservatively, and from 2016 to 2018, with a combination of ultrasound-guided hematoma aspiration and PRP muscle strain injection. The outcome, including return-to-play (in days) and recurrence rate, was compared retrospectively between both groups (conservative vs aspiration/PRP) using ANOVA and Fisher's exact test. There was no significant difference in age, type of sport, and muscle involvement (including injury grade/location, hamstring muscle type, and length/cross-sectional area of the strain).

Results: Fifty-five athletes (28 treated conservatively, 27 with hematoma aspiration/PRP injection) were included. Average return-to-play time (mean) was 32.4 d in the conservative group and 23.5 d in the aspiration/PRP group (P < 0.001). Recurrence rate of the hamstring strain was 28.6% (8/28) in the conservative treatment group and less than 4% (1/27) in the aspiration/PRP group (P = 0.025).

Conclusions: Athletes with grade 2 hamstring strains treated with a combination of hematoma aspiration and PRP injection had a significantly shorter return-to-play and a lower recurrence rate compared with athletes receiving conservative treatment.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Hamstring Muscles / injuries*
  • Hematoma / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Paracentesis / methods*
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Return to Sport*
  • Young Adult