Congenital Heart Disease

Prim Care. 2021 Sep;48(3):351-366. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2021.04.005. Epub 2021 Jul 8.


Most children with congenital heart disease (CHD) survive to adulthood, owing largely to significant advances in the diagnosis and management of CHD over the past few decades. Primary care providers are essential partners in the recognition and management of these patients in our current medical environment. This article reviews the role of the primary care physician in detecting fetuses, infants, and children with possible CHD. Furthermore, this article discusses common primary care issues arising for patients with CHD, including growth and development, mental illness, dental care, and the transition to adult primary care.

Keywords: CHD; Congenital heart disease; Patent ductus arteriosus; Pediatric cardiology; Screening.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Heart Defects, Congenital* / diagnosis
  • Heart Defects, Congenital* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Physicians, Primary Care*
  • Primary Health Care