Facilitators and barriers for implementing patient-reported outcome measures in clinical care: An academic center's initial experience

Health Policy. 2021 Sep;125(9):1247-1255. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2021.07.001. Epub 2021 Jul 8.


Objectives The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of healthcare providers and researchers in a large academic hospital on facilitators and barriers for implementing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in clinical care. Methods A customized web-based questionnaire was developed and disseminated to healthcare providers and researchers across multiple medical departments involved in a value-based health care initiative in the hospital. Questionnaire statements were rated using a 5-point Likert scale ranging from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree". In addition, 8 open-ended questions were included allowing respondents to mention additional facilitators and barriers for implementing PROMs. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the results. Results In total, 61 participants from both surgical and non-surgical departments completed the survey. Most respondents (51%) were medical specialists and the median employment duration was 14 years. Frequently reported facilitators were the presence of a PROM coordinator in the (outpatient) clinic (85%), the integration of PROMs in the electronic health record (81%), and the intrinsic motivation of members involved in the implementation (N=9 open responses). Commonly reported barriers were language barriers (76%), IT issues (N=17 open responses), and time constraints (N=14 open responses). Conclusions For the successful implementation of PROMs in clinical practice, it is imperative that healthcare organizations consider supporting motivated healthcare professionals, involving PROMs coordinators, and investing in an adequate IT infrastructure, and removal of language barriers.

Keywords: Facilitators and barriers, Health services research; Implementation; Patient-reported outcome measures; Surveys and questionnaires; Value-based healthcare.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Health Personnel*
  • Humans
  • Organizations
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires