The effects of COVID-19 on the cardiovascular system remains understudied given the early stage of the pandemic. Several case series and case reports have been published on COVID-19 related cardiomyopathies; however, there is often a lack of baseline echocardiographic data confirming a normal cardiac health prior to infection. Here we examine four patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function on prior echocardiogram who developed de novo cardiomyopathies which following COVID-19 infection. The study comprised of four individuals with an average age of 80.5 years, 75% of which were white males. 50% of cases were suspected to have Takotsubo CM vs. myocarditis while the remaining half were diagnosed as myocarditis. Left ventricular systolic function dropped from a normal range to an average of 30% during COVID-19 infection in these individuals. Moreover, half of the cases later died. In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated its ability to cause several serious cardiovascular complications with associated worsening of prognosis. Repeat TTE showed recovery of systolic function in 50% of the patients included. There does not appear to be any correlation between COVID-19 related treatments, age, or level of inflammatory markers in those who recovered systolic function versus those who remained depressed. Given the minimal literature on this topic, it is evident more information is needed to help advance treatment and understanding of COVID-19 induced cardiomyopathies; particularly if the vaccination fails to protect against novel strains of COVID-19 and the virus becomes endemic.
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.