Leucobacter chromiisoli sp. nov., isolated from chromium-containing chemical plant soil

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2021 Jul;71(7). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.004923.


A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-motile, non-sporulating bacterial strain, designated CSA1T, was isolated from chromium-containing soil sampled at a chemical plant. Growth of strain CSA1T occurred at pH 6-10 (optimum, pH 7), 15-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and in the presence of 0.5-6.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain CSA1T revealed the highest similarity to Leucobacter ruminantium A2T (97.5 %), Leucobacter tardus K 70/01T (97.3 %), Leucobacter humi Re6T (96.6 %), Leucobacter kyeonggiensis F3-P9T (96.2 %), Leucobacter zeae CC-MF41T (96.1 %) and Leucobacter weissii S27T (96.0 %). The draft genome of CSA1T was approximately 3 350 931 bp in size with a G+C content of 70.6 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values among strain CSA1T and the selected Leucobacter species were 74.0-79.2 % (ANIb), 84.3-87.1 % (ANIm) and 21.5-25.4 % (dDDH), which are below the recommended cutoff values for species delineation. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown glycolipid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-11, MK-8 and MK-6. The cell-wall amino acids were 2,4-diaminobutyric acid, alanine, glycine, glutamic acid and threonine. From the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain CSA1T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Leucobacter, for which the name Leucobacter chromiisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CSA1T (=JCM 34359T=CGMCC 1.18746T).

Keywords: Leucobacter chromiisoli; chromium soil; novel species.

MeSH terms

  • Actinobacteria / classification*
  • Actinobacteria / isolation & purification
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • China
  • Chromium*
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Soil Microbiology*
  • Soil Pollutants*
  • Vitamin K 2 / chemistry


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Chromium
  • Vitamin K 2