The association between serum vitamin D and mood disorders in a cohort of lipedema patients

Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig. 2021 Jul 29;42(4):351-355. doi: 10.1515/hmbci-2021-0027.


Objectives: The association between serum Vitamin D (Vit. D) and mood disorders in lipedema patients has not been investigated. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between serum Vit. D, depression and anxiety risk.

Methods: A cross-sectional cohort of lipedema patients were investigated by collecting the clinical and demographic data. The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and the Hamilton of Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) were used to evaluating the risk of depression and anxiety. Serum concentrations of Vit. D were measured. The association between Vit. D levels and both HAM-A and HAM-D scores were statistically examined by bivariate and partial correlations.

Results: Forty lipedema patients were enrolled in this study. Around two-thirds of them had a higher depression or anxiety risk, and 77.5% were under the normal serum Vit. D levels. A significant and inverse correlation was observed between serum Vit. D levels and both HAM-D (r=-0.661, p<0.001), and HAM-A (r=-0.496, p=0.001) scores. This strong association was sustained after the statistical model adjusted for the main potential confounding factors (age, body mass index (BMI), disease duration, and lipedema stages). Additionally, serum Vit. D correlated significantly and inversely with BMI (r=-0.647, p<0.001). Moreover, BMI significantly correlated with HAM-D: r=0.560, p<0.001, and HAM-A: r=0.511, p=0.00.

Conclusions: This study suggests a strong correlation between Vit. D levels, depression scores, and anxiety scores in lipedema patients. Our results also demonstrate a strong and direct relationship between BMI, Vit. D levels, depression, and anxiety.

Keywords: anxiety; depression; lipedema; obesity; vitamin D; women.

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Lipedema / blood*
  • Lipedema / diagnosis
  • Lipedema / psychology*
  • Mood Disorders / blood*
  • Mood Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mood Disorders / psychology*
  • Vitamin D / blood*


  • Biomarkers
  • Vitamin D