Prolonged Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Medicine Services-Longitudinal Data from the Swedish Sleep Apnea Registry

Sleep Med Clin. 2021 Sep;16(3):409-416. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2021.05.008. Epub 2021 Jun 1.


The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has affected the operation of health care systems. The direct impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on COVID-19 infection outcome remains to be elucidated. However, the coincidence of common risk factors for OSA and severe COVID-19 suggests that patients with OSA receiving positive airway pressure therapy may have an advantage relative to those untreated when confronted with a COVID-19 infection. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led to a substantial reduction of sleep medicine services, and the long-term consequences may be considerable. New strategies for the management of sleep disorders are needed to overcome the current underdiagnosis and delay of treatment.

Keywords: CPAP; Delivery of health care; Diagnosis; Mandibular advancement device; Obstructive sleep apnea; Polysomnography; SARS-COV2; Sleep test.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Pandemics*
  • Registries
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / epidemiology
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / therapy
  • Sleep Medicine Specialty* / statistics & numerical data
  • Sweden / epidemiology