Sleep and Cardiovascular Risk

Sleep Med Clin. 2021 Sep;16(3):485-497. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2021.05.001. Epub 2021 Jun 25.


Sleep is essential for healthy being and healthy functioning of human body as a whole, as well as each organ and system. Sleep disorders, such as sleep-disordered breathing, insomnia, sleep fragmentation, and sleep deprivation are associated with the deterioration in human body functioning and increased cardiovascular risks. However, owing to the complex regulation and heterogeneous state sleep per se can be associated with cardiovascular dysfunction in susceptible subjects. The understanding of sleep as a multidimensional concept is important for better prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Cardiometabolic diseases; Cardiovascular health; Cardiovascular prevention; Cardiovascular risk; Sleep disorders; Sleep health; Sleep timing.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Heart Disease Risk Factors
  • Humans
  • Sleep Wake Disorders* / epidemiology
  • Sleep* / physiology