Horizontal Bone Augmentation in the Posterior Atrophic Mandible and Dental Implant Stability Using the Tenting Screw Technique

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2021 Jul-Aug;41(4):e147-e155. doi: 10.11607/prd.5137.


The aim of this study was to analyze horizontal bone augmentation using the tenting screw technique in the posterior mandible. Included subjects had a 3-mm bone width and 9-mm bone height, measured by CBCT. After the surgical approach, two to four screws were inserted, leaving 4 mm of extraosseous space; reconstruction was achieved using allogeneic biomaterial and leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin together with an absorbable membrane. After 4 months, a new CBCT scan was obtained to compare the bone gain and implant placement. Early and secondary stability were measured by the implant stability quotient (ISQ); prosthetic load was performed 16 weeks later. Student t test was used to compare bone gains and implant stability, with significance set at P < .05. Fourteen subjects and 27 surgical sites initially exhibited a mean bone width of 2.95 ± 0.75 mm. Four months after augmentation, the bone width was 7.15 ± 1.87 mm, confirming a significant bone gain (4.2 ± 1.26 mm). Twenty-seven implants were placed with a minimum insertion torque of 35 Ncm; the primary stability was 69.3 ± 7.16 ISQ, and the secondary stability was 75.9 ± 3.29 ISQ (P > .05). It may be concluded that the tenting screw technique is predictable in terms of bone gain and that it facilitates implant stability.

MeSH terms

  • Bone Screws
  • Dental Implants*
  • Humans
  • Mandible / diagnostic imaging
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Torque


  • Dental Implants