Minimally Invasive Buccal Mucosa Dorsal Graft for Female Distal Urethroplasty

Eur Urol Open Sci. 2021 Jan 6:24:34-38. doi: 10.1016/j.euros.2020.12.001. eCollection 2021 Feb.


Background: Female urethral stricture (FUS) represents a sporadic condition. There is a lack of data and standardized guidelines on diagnostics and therapeutics. Several surgical techniques have been described for FUS urethroplasty, among which the flap-based or graft-based ones are most reported. Buccal mucosa graft (BMG) represents the gold standard for male urethroplasty, and this can theoretically be applied also to FUS treatment.

Objective: To describe and present preliminary results of a novel minimally invasive technique for buccal mucosa dorsal graft (mini-dorsal BMG) urethroplasty for the treatment of FUS.

Design setting and participants: This is a retrospective study on buccal mucosa dorsal graft urethroplasty for the treatment of FUS.

Surgical procedure: Every patient was placed in lithotomic position. Two stiches were placed at 10 and 2 o'clock positions to facilitate the dorsal median urethrotomy. The margins of the incised dorsal urethra at the 12 o'clock position are then dissected from the periurethral tissue. This dissection results in an elliptical raw area between the edges of the urethra over the periurethral tissue. The harvested BMG was fixed with several quilting sutures, using 5-0 and 4-0 absorbable sutures, to cover the raw area. The margins of the graft were sutured to the edges of the incised urethra.

Measurements: A chart review was performed.

Results and limitations: Thirteen patients underwent the mini-dorsal-BMG technique. The median preoperative uroflow was 5.6 (3-13) ml/s, and the median postoperative value was 23.4 (14-58) ml/s.

Conclusions: The mini-dorsal-BMG technique for the treatment of FUS gives good results with low complication rates. Other series and long-term follow-up are necessary to confirm the reproducibility of this technique.

Patient summary: We present the technical aspects and the promising preliminary results of a novel surgical technique for the treatment of female urethral stricture by using the buccal mucosa to correct this invalidating disease.

Keywords: Buccal mucosa; Female; Stricture; Urethral; Urethroplasty.