Above and Beyond: Periorbital Suspension for Endoscopic Access to Difficult Frontal Sinus Pathology

Laryngoscope. 2022 Mar;132(3):538-544. doi: 10.1002/lary.29797. Epub 2021 Aug 2.


Objectives/hypothesis: The periorbital suspension (PS) is an advanced adjunctive technique performed during endoscopic approaches to frontal sinus pathology that would be too far lateral or superior to address using traditional endoscopic transnasal approaches. The objectives of this study are to characterize the utility of this technique for frontal sinus pathology, determine anatomic limitations, and assess clinical outcomes following surgical treatment.

Study design: Prospective case series.

Methods: Patient data including demographics, etiology, technique, complications, and clinical follow-up were collected. Preoperative computed tomography scans were reviewed for maximum lateral and superior extent of pathology, supraorbital recess height, anterio-posterior (AP) diameter of the frontal sinus, interorbital distance, and orbital-first olfactory neuron distance.

Results: The PS approach was used in 30 surgeries (29 patients) for cerebrospinal fluid leaks (n = 5), benign tumors (n = 17), malignant tumors (n = 5), allergic fungal sinusitis (n = 2), and mucocele (n = 1) between 2018 and 2020. Approaches included 15 Draf IIB and 15 Draf III frontal sinusotomies. All pathology was surgically accessible using the PS approach and there were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Postoperative follow-up was 11.7 ± 7.6 months. Mean recorded measurements (in mm) were as follows: maximum lateral extent -15.0 ± 7.7, superior extent 21.2 ± 7.7 in surgical plane and 20.9 ± 9.8 in the vertical plane, supraorbital recess height -2.6 ± 1.9, AP frontal sinus diameter -13.2 ± 4.7, interorbital distance -29.8 ± 5.4, and orbital-olfactory neuron distance -14.8 ± 2.9.

Conclusions: The PS technique can be safely and successfully utilized to provide endoscopic endonasal access to lateral and superior frontal sinus pathology.

Level of evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 132:538-544, 2022.

Keywords: Orbital transposition; endoscopic techniques; frontal sinus surgery; skull base surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Frontal Sinus / diagnostic imaging
  • Frontal Sinus / pathology
  • Frontal Sinus / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery / methods*
  • Orbit* / diagnostic imaging
  • Paranasal Sinus Diseases / pathology
  • Paranasal Sinus Diseases / surgery
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Transanal Endoscopic Surgery / adverse effects
  • Transanal Endoscopic Surgery / methods