Progranulin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in lean polycystic ovary syndrome patients

Gynecol Endocrinol. 2021 Oct;37(10):925-929. doi: 10.1080/09513590.2021.1958311. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Abstract

Objective: In this study, levels of progranulin (PGRN) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were measured to detect the presence of inflammation in lean polycystic ovary (PCOS) patients.

Methods: 40 lean PCOS patients were assessed by Rotterdam criteria. Forty healthy women with regular menstrual cycles and without biochemical and clinical hyperandrogenism were involved in our study. Blood samples were taken from the patient and control groups for the measurement of progranulin (PGRN), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), lipid parameters, glucose, insulin, and other hormones.

Results: Serum PGRN and TNF-α levels were significantly higher in patients with lean PCOS, compared with the control group (p = .037, p = .041). PGRN levels were positively correlated with TNF-α levels in lean PCOS patients.

Conclusion: PGRN is known as a ligand for the TNF-α receptor. PGRN level increase in lean PCOS patients may be due to inhibiting the inflammatory effects of TNF-α. To observe the PGRN and TNF-α connection in obesity, further study is needed in obese PCOS patients and obese control groups.

Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome; inflammation; progranulin; tumor necrosis factor-alpha.