Background Current risk models show limited performances for predicting all-cause mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Purpose To determine the prognostic value of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring for predicting 30-day and 1-year mortality in patients undergoing TAVR. Materials and Methods In this single-center institutional review board-approved secondary analysis of prospectively collected data (SwissTAVI Registry), the authors evaluated participants who, before TAVR, underwent CT that included a nonenhanced electrocardiography-gated cardiac scan between May 2008 and September 2019 and who had not undergone previous coronary revascularization. Clinical data, including the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE II), were recorded. The CAC score was determined, and 30-day and 1-year all-cause mortality were assessed by using Cox regression analyses. Results In total, 309 participants (mean age ± standard deviation, 81 years ± 7; 175 women) were included, with a median CAC score of 334 (interquartile range, 104-987). Seventy-seven of the 309 participants (25%) had a CAC score greater than or equal to 1000. A CAC score of 1000 or greater served as an independent predictor of 30-day (hazard ratio [HR], 4.5 [95% CI: 1.5, 13.6] compared with a CAC score <1000; P = .007) and 1-year (HR, 4.3 [95% CI: 1.5, 12.7] compared with a CAC score of 0-99; P = .008) mortality after TAVR. Similar trends were observed for each point increase of the EuroSCORE II as an independent predictor of 30-day (HR, 1.22 [95% CI: 1.10, 1.36]; P < .001) and 1-year (HR, 1.16 [95% CI: 1.08, 1.25]; P < .001) mortality. Adding the CAC score to the EuroSCORE II provided incremental prognostic value for 1-year mortality after TAVR over the EuroSCORE II alone (concordance index, 0.76 vs 0.69; P = .04). Conclusion In participants without prior coronary revascularization, the coronary artery calcium score represented an independent predictor of 30-day and 1-year mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT01368250 © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Almeida in this issue.