Factors influencing walking trips. Evidence from Gdynia, Poland

PLoS One. 2021 Aug 4;16(8):e0254949. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0254949. eCollection 2021.


Political support for active mobility is growing for many reasons, including land use planning, health, and improved mobility. As the vital part of many cities is their central area, decision-makers need to know what factors are essential for increasing walkability. This paper aims to identify the main factors affecting the walkability of the city centre of Gdynia (Poland). To achieve this, the research design was adjusted to the specificity of the local use case. Based on primary data collected via personal interviews, factor analysis was applied to rule out potential collinearity and reduce dimensions. Logistic regression models were then constructed. The results were compared with the research carried out in other cities. The results show that only two of the analysed factors are significant, namely accessibility and safety. Both are extensive categories and include many subcomponents that are influential among different groups of citizens. Our research also confirms that walkability is a city-specific issue that is influenced by many local factors.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • City Planning
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Geography
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perception
  • Poland
  • Walking / physiology*
  • Young Adult

Grant support

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.