Objectives: The purpose of our study was to compare healthy lifestyle behaviors between psoriasis patients and healthy controls.
Methods: This case-control study included 80 psoriasis patients and 80 sex- and age- matched healthy controls aged over 18. Participants completed the socio-demographic data form and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II). The HPLP-II consists of 52 items and measures six components of health-promoting behavior outcomes: Nutrition, physical activity, health responsibility, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, and stress management. Higher scores show that the individual applies the specified health behaviors at a high level.
Results: HPLP-II total scores were 128.3±21.1 in patient group and 132.5±22.3 in control group. Based on the scores, psoriasis patients showed a moderate level of health-promoting lifestyle, while controls showed a good level of health-promoting lifestyle. Spiritual growth score of patients (mean±SD = 25.6±4.9) was statistically lower than the controls (mean±SD = 27.3±4.5) (p=0.040). In addition, spiritual growth score and disease duration were negatively correlated in the patient group (r=-0.287, p=0.01). Furthermore, nutrition score of those with additional comorbidity was significantly higher than those with psoriasis alone in patient group (p=0.002).
Conclusion: This is the first study to compare healthy lifestyle behaviors of psoriasis patients and healthy volunteers in Turkish population. The task of dermatologists is not only the medical treatment of psoriasis lesions but also questioning patients' lifestyle behaviors and supporting the development of healthy behaviors in patients.
Keywords: Health behaviour; healthy lifestyle; psoriasis.
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