Accompanied versus unaccompanied walking for continuous oxygen saturation measurement during 6-min walk test in COPD: a randomised crossover study

ERJ Open Res. 2021 Aug 2;7(3):00921-2020. doi: 10.1183/23120541.00921-2020. eCollection 2021 Jul.


The aim of this study was to determine if there is a difference in 6-min walk test (6MWT) distance when the assessor accompanies the patient to continuously measure peripheral oxygen saturation (S pO2 ) compared to the patient walking unaccompanied. We conducted a randomised crossover study to evaluate the impact of the assessor walking with the patient during the 6MWT (6MWTwith) versus the patient walking alone (6MWTwithout). At the end of a pulmonary rehabilitation programme, each patient performed two 6MWTs in random order and separated by a 30-min rest. 49 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease classification II-IV) were included. In a regression model adjusting for period and subject, accompanying the patient resulted in a lower walking distance (mean difference -9.1 m, 95% CI -13.9- -4.3, p=0.0004). Notably, six patients walked more than 30 m farther (minimal important difference) in one of the two conditions (6MWTwith: n=1, 6MWTwithout: n=5). There were no between-sequence-group differences in heart rate, dyspnoea, leg fatigue and S pO2 . The median (interquartile range) number and duration of S pO2 signal artefacts were high but not different between the experimental conditions (6MWTwith: 17 (4-24), 34 s (7-113 s); 6 MWTwithout: 11 (3-26), 24 s (4-62 s)). At a study population level, we observed a statistically significant difference in 6MWT distance between the two experimental conditions; however, the magnitude of difference was small and may not be clinically relevant. Nevertheless, in a clinical setting, unaccompanied walking resulted in a substantially higher walking distance in individual patients, pointing towards strictly standardised testing methodology, in particular in pre-post study designs.