Complete mitochondrial genome of Asian longhorned tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, Neumann, 1901 (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae) identified in the United States

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour. 2021 Jul 19;6(8):2402-2405. doi: 10.1080/23802359.2021.1922100. eCollection 2021.


Haemaphysalis longicornis (Ixodida: Ixodidae), the Asian longhorned tick, which is native to temperate East Asia, has been recently detected in the northeastern region of the United States, drawing concerns about its potential impact on the US animal and public health sectors. Knowledge about the genetic features of H. longicornis found in the US is limited. Therefore, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome (mt-genome) from two H. longicornis ticks recently collected in the State of New York, USA, in 2020. These ticks were morphologically identified and tested for tick-borne pathogens at the Connecticut Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (Storrs, CT). The mt-genome was 14,694 bp in length and encoded 37 genes, including 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, and two ribosomal RNAs. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the mt-genome clustered with those of other H. longicornis identified in China. The mt-genome sequence was 99.7% identical to a H. longicornis mt-genome (GenBank: MK439888) collected in China. The cox1 gene haplotype in these ticks belonged to the H1 type, which is the dominant haplotype present in central NJ and Staten Island, NY. The complete mt-genome data are needed to provide insights into genetic changes and phylogenetic studies of H. longicornis ticks.

Keywords: Haemaphysalis longicornis; Tick; mitogenome; phylogenetic analysis.

Grant support

This work was supported by Connecticut Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (CVMDL).