Office hysteroscopic morcellation service: Evaluation of women experience and factors affecting satisfaction

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2021 Sep:264:294-298. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2021.07.049. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the hysteroscopic morcellation service in office-setting in everyday practice outside the context of clinical trials. The primary objectives were to assess level of acceptability and factors affecting women satisfaction. The secondary objectives included assessment of complete resection rate, complications rate, pain score during the procedure and on discharge, and the correlation between the lesion size as subjectively estimated by the hysteroscopists versus the volume of morcellated tissues as semi-quantitively measured by the laboratory.

Method: The clinical data was compiled for 287 consecutive women undergoing hysteroscopic morcellation in office-setting from 1 January 2017 to 31 March 2021 in a teaching hospital in the UK. A questionnaire, formulated on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), was completed immediately after the procedure by the last 110 women undergoing the procedure.

Results: The mean age of the cohort (n = 278) was 54.5 years (SD ± 12.5). Only 7 (2.4%) women required two-stage procedure because of size (fibroid ≥ 4 cm), vascularity or multiplicity of lesions. No complications were encountered. The majority of women completing the questionnaire (n = 110) found office procedure acceptable (105, 95.5%, VAS ≥ 7), were willing to have it again if indicated (102, 92.7%, VAS ≥ 7), would recommend it to family and friends (105, 95.5%, VAS ≥ 7) and confirmed receiving adequate preoperative information by doctors and nurses (107, 97.3%, VAS ≥ 7). The level of preoperative explanation and information-giving showed significant (p < 0.01) positive correlation with the level of acceptability and recommendation to others and significant (p = .007) negative correlation with the pain experienced on discharge. The median (IQR) estimated size at hysteroscopy was 2 cm (1-6 cm) for polyps and 2.5 cm (1-4 cm) for fibroid. The median (IQR) volume of the morcellated specimens as estimated by laboratory was 2000 mm3 (1100-3800 mm3). The estimated size at hysteroscopy was positively correlated with the specimen's volume (Spearman's rho (r) = 0.31, 95% = CI, 0.14-0.45, p < 0.01).

Conclusion: Office hysteroscopic morcellation is associated with high satisfaction rate and low pain score on discharge. Good preoperative explanation and information-giving was the crucial factor that increased women satisfaction. Subjective estimation of lesion size by hysteroscopists may be an accurate and simple method of measurement.

Keywords: Endometrial polyp; Hysteroscopic Tissue Removal System; MyoSure®; Submucous fibroid.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysteroscopy / adverse effects
  • Leiomyoma*
  • Middle Aged
  • Morcellation* / adverse effects
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Pregnancy
  • Uterine Neoplasms*