Arthroscopic removal as an effective treatment option for intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the knee

World J Orthop. 2021 Jul 18;12(7):505-514. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v12.i7.505.


Background: Intra-articular osteoid osteoma (iaOO) can be found in 5.2% up to 10% of cases. They may cause non-specific symptoms, mimicking degenerative or traumatic pathologies. If iaOO is left untreated, it may lead to severe muscle atrophy, tenderness, swelling, and limited range of motion. Therefore, surgical treatment is recommended. The main goal of surgical treatment is complete removal or destruction of iaOO.

Aim: To evaluate the efficiency of arthroscopic removal of iaOO of the knee in our cases and cases available in the literature.

Methods: Analysis of available hospital records of four patients with iaOO of the knee treated by arthroscopic removal from August 2005 to December 2015 at our Department was performed. All patients had a diagnosis of iaOO confirmed by histopathologic analysis. Additional literature review of cases of iaOO of the knee available on PubMed and Google Scholar was made. All cases of iaOO of the knee treated by arthroscopic or arthroscopically assisted removal were reviewed in order to further evaluate the efficiency of the method.

Results: The average age of patients included in our study was 23.2 (range 16-37) years. The average duration of the symptoms prior to surgery was 14.2 (range 6-24) months. All of the patients had persistent knee pain. Three patients reported worsening of pain during the night, while two reported worsening of pain during activity. Three patients reported alleviation of pain on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), while one patient reported partial alleviation of pain on NSAIDs. No intraoperative complications were noted, and the postoperative period was uneventful in all patients. The patients reported immediate pain relief in the postoperative period. No recurrence of the disease was noted in any of the patients during the follow-up period of at least 24 mo. The literature review revealed 14 cases with an average age of 27.6 (range 16-48) years and onset of symptoms 27.7 (range 6-108) months prior to surgery, with recurrence of the disease noted in a single case.

Conclusion: Arthroscopic removal is an efficient treatment method that allows excision of iaOO that is neither insufficient nor excessive, thus avoiding disease recurrence while obtaining adequate material for histopathologic analysis.

Keywords: Arthroscopy; Bone diseases; Knee; Operative; Osteoid osteoma; Pathology; Surgical; Surgical procedures.