Instrumented gait analysis for management of gait disorders in children with cerebral palsy: A scoping review

Gait Posture. 2021 Oct:90:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.07.009. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Abstract

Background: The use of Instrumented Gait Analysis (IGA) for the clinical management of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) has increased in recent years. Previous systematic reviews have been completed to evaluate and summarize the evidence related to the efficacy of IGA in general. However, a focused summary of research studies on IGA for children with CP related gait disorders is needed.

Research question: The purpose of the current work was to perform a scoping review to describe and categorize the range of existing literature about IGA as applied to the clinical management of children with CP related gait disorders.

Method: A health sciences librarian developed a search strategy to include four key inclusion criteria of original research study, population included children with CP, study employed IGA, available in English. The available literature was organized into six study categories: reliability and validity, documentation of subgroups or model development, IGA for clinical decision making, effectiveness of treatments that depend on IGA, cost effectiveness, IGA used to evaluate the outcome of surgical, medical or rehabilitation treatment.

Results: 909 studies met the inclusion criteria and were placed into the six study categories. 14 % of studies were in reliability and validity, 33 % in subgroups or modeling, 2% in IGA for clinical decision making, 2% in treatments that depend on IGA, 1% in cost effectiveness, and 49 % of studies had IGA used as an outcome measure for treatment.

Significance: This scoping review has documented the wide range, diversity and extent of original research studies investigating the use of IGA for the clinical management of children with CP related gait disorders. The large volume of studies provides a basis for future work to develop a CPG about the use of IGA for the clinical management of children with CP related gait disorders.

Keywords: 3D motion capture; Cerebral palsy; Children; Computerized gait analysis; Instrumented gait analysis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Palsy* / complications
  • Child
  • Gait
  • Gait Analysis
  • Humans
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Reproducibility of Results