A Novel Genetic Variant in the WFS1 Gene in a Patient with Partial Uniparental Mero-Isodisomy of Chromosome 4

Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Jul 28;22(15):8082. doi: 10.3390/ijms22158082.


Wolfram syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by optic atrophy and diabetes mellitus. Wolfram syndrome type 1 (WFS1) is caused by bi-allelic pathogenic variations in the wolframin gene. We described the first case of WFS1 due to a maternal inherited mutation with uniparental mero-isodisomy of chromosome 4. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed at 11 years of age, with negative anti-beta cells antibodies. Blood glucose control was optimal with low insulin requirement. No pathogenic variations in the most frequent gene causative of maturity-onset diabetes of the young subtypes were detected. At 17.8 years old, a rapid reduction in visual acuity occurred. Genetic testing revealed the novel homozygous variant c.1369A>G; p.Arg457Gly in the exon 8 of wolframin gene. It was detected in a heterozygous state only in the mother while the father showed a wild type sequence. In silico disease causing predictions performed by Polyphen2 classified it as "likely damaging", while Mutation Tester and Sift suggested it was "polymorphism" and "tolerated", respectively. High resolution SNP-array analysis was suggestive of segmental uniparental disomy on chromosome 4. In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, we describe the first patient with partial uniparental mero-isodisomy of chromosome 4 carrying a novel mutation in the wolframin gene. The clinical phenotype observed in the patient and the analysis performed suggest that the genetic variant detected is pathogenetic.

Keywords: Wolfram syndrome; chrosome 4; syndromic diabetes; uniparental disomy; wolframin.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • Uniparental Disomy*
  • Wolfram Syndrome / genetics*
  • Young Adult


  • Membrane Proteins
  • wolframin protein