A Ten Year Experience With Cadaver Kidney Preservation Using Cryoprecipitated Plasma

Am J Surg. 1978 Mar;135(3):356-61. doi: 10.1016/0002-9610(78)90065-x.

Abstract

Between August 1967 and January 1977, 699 cadaver kidneys were preserved and transplanted in our hospital after continuous perfusion with cryoprecipitated plasma. Overall graft survival of primary transplants was 55 +/- 2 per cent at one year and 41 +/- 2 per cent at four years. The results with ninety-six second transplants were similar. The number of HLA antigens shared and the duration of preservation did not influence graft survival. Patient survival among 426 cadaver graft recipients since September 1972, when lower dose immunosuppression was started, was 91 +/- 1 per cent at one year and 84 +/- 2 per cent at four years, significantly better than survival before then. Survival of fifty-two recipients of cadaver retransplants since September 1972 was 86 +/- 5 per cent at one year and 86 +/- 5 per cent at four years, which was better than before. The incidence of posttransplantation dialysis was 30 per cent and did not correlate with the length of preservation. Primary wound infections, primary ureteral extravasation, and vascular complications each occurred with an incidence of 1.1 per cent or less in patients treated with lower dose immunosuppression. Only four kidneys were lost because of complications, and in no instance was the need for transplant nephrectomy directly related to the method of preservation. Perfusion preservation with cryoprecipitated plasma gives excellent results compared with alternative methods.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cadaver
  • Chemical Precipitation
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Graft Survival
  • HLA Antigens
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppression
  • Infant
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Kidney*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Preservation*
  • Plasma
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Surgical Wound Infection / etiology
  • Tissue Preservation*
  • Transplantation, Homologous

Substances

  • HLA Antigens