Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients With Prior Stroke

Am J Cardiol. 2021 Oct 15;157:79-84. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.06.049. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Abstract

It has not been well studied whether transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) have lower risk of ischemic stroke (IS) in those with prior history of IS. From the Nationwide Readmission Database from October 2015 to November 2017, TAVI and SAVR above age 50 were identified with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification/Procedure Coding System codes. Transapical TAVI and SAVR with concomitant bypass, mitral, or tricuspid surgery were excluded. The primary outcome was in-hospital IS. A total of 92,435 TAVI (13,292 with prior stroke) and 68,651 SAVR (5,365 with prior stroke) were identified. In-hospital IS was significantly lower in TAVI compared with SAVR (3.7% vs 8.0%, adjusted odds ratio 0.65, 95% confidence interval 0.47 to 0.89, p <0.01) with prior stroke whereas it was similar between TAVI and SAVR (1.7% vs 2.1%, adjusted odds ratio 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.78 to 1.19, p = 0.75) in those without prior stroke (P interaction < 0.001). In-hospital mortality, acute kidney injury, and bleeding were lower in TAVI compared with SAVR in patients with and without prior stroke (P interaction > 0.05 for all). This analysis of a national claims database showed that TAVI was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital IS compared with SAVR among patients with prior stroke.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Valve / surgery
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Ischemic Stroke / epidemiology
  • Ischemic Stroke / etiology*
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke / epidemiology
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Time Factors
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / adverse effects*
  • United States / epidemiology