Otolaryngological manifestations of the Stickler syndrome

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1987 Dec;14(2-3):215-22. doi: 10.1016/0165-5876(87)90033-4.

Abstract

The Stickler syndrome is a dominantly inherited, connective tissue disorder associated with retinal detachments, joint and skeletal abnormalities, and characteristic facies. We wished to evaluate patients with this disorder to ascertain the frequency of otolaryngological manifestations. Fourteen patients, 4-17 years of age, were evaluated when admitted for retinal detachment. Findings included: midface hypoplasia in all patients; mandibular hypoplasia in 11 patients; palatal anomalies in 10 patients (frank cleft in 6, submucous cleft in two, highly arched palate in two); and hearing loss in 6 patients (mixed loss in 3, sensorineural loss in 3). Hearing loss appeared more commonly in the higher frequencies; no apparent correlation was found between the presence of hearing loss and orofacial anomalies. Our experience suggests that the Stickler syndrome is not rare. Craniofacial dysmorphic features and otologic findings are sufficiently frequent to warrant otolaryngological evaluation.

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / physiopathology*
  • Adolescent
  • Audiometry
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Connective Tissue / physiopathology*
  • Face / abnormalities*
  • Hearing Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Retinal Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Syndrome