Purification and characterization of six cytochromes P-450 from hepatic microsomes of immature female rats

J Biochem. 1987 Oct;102(4):843-51. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a122124.


Six rat hepatic cytochromes P-450, named P-450IF-1-6, were purified from hepatic microsomes of immature female rats by high-performance liquid chromatography with anion-exchange, cation-exchange, and hydroxylapatite columns. The purified forms, except for P-450IF-4, gave a single protein-staining band on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, with a minimum molecular weight of 50,000 for P-450IF-1, 49,000 for P-450IF-2, 47,000 for P-450IF-3, 53,500 for P-450IF-5, and 54,000 for P-450IF-6. The CO-reduced spectral maximum of these forms was at 450 nm for P-450IF-1, 448 nm for P-450IF-2, 451 nm for P-450IF-3, 449 nm for P-450IF-4, 449 nm for P-450IF-5, and 450 nm for P-450IF-6. All of these cytochromes had the low-spin state of heme in the oxidized form. P-450IF-4 had high metabolic activity for both benzphetamine and 7-ethoxycoumarin. P-450IF-5 had moderate activity toward 7-ethoxycoumarin. P-450IF-3 catalyzed the hydroxylation of testosterone at the 7 alpha-position effectively, but the other forms did not hydroxylate testosterone. Analysis of the NH2-terminal sequence showed that P-450IF-1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 differed structurally from each other. The sequences of P-450IF-1 and IF-2 were somewhat homologous, but the NH2-terminal sequences of the other forms were all different. Based on these results, we concluded that P-450IF-1 corresponded to one of the phenobarbital-inducible forms in male rat liver. P-450IF-2 was a female-specific form and its concentration was low.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / isolation & purification*
  • Female
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sex Factors
  • Testosterone / metabolism


  • Testosterone
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System