Mutations in CSNK2B lead to Poirier-Bienvenu neurodevelopmental syndrome (POBINDS), a rare neurodevelopmental disorder. Only 14 cases of POBINDS have been reported worldwide. The main manifestations are seizures, often tonic-clonic, with or without intellectual disability, growth retardation, and developmental language retardation. We conducted a comprehensive phenotypic mining and trio-whole exome sequencing on six children with POBINDS for gene diagnosis and analyzed the different variants using bioinformatics analysis software and related experiments. This paper reviews previous literature and discusses two common missense variants that lead to structural changes. Among the six patients, four, one, and one had tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and febrile seizures, respectively. Language development disorder, motor development disorder, and developmental delay/intellectual disability (DD/ID) are the main clinical features. All children had de novo mutations in CSNK2B, including three missense variants (c.410G > T/p.(Cys137Phe), c.494A > G/p.(His165Arg), and c.3G > A/p.(Met1Ile)), two splice variants (c.292-2A > T, c.558-3 T > G), and one frameshift variant (c.499delC/p.(Leu167Serfs*60)). Three missense variants were predicted to be harmful by various software programs, and two splicing variants were found to produce new exonic splicing enhancers by the minigene assay. Western blot analysis showed that the frameshift variant resulted in decreased protein expression. According to a literature review, c.3G > A/p.(Met1Ile), c.292-2A > T, c.558-3 T > G, and c.499delC/p.(Leu167Serfs*60) are novel variants of CSNK2B. The decrease or loss of protein function caused by CSNK2B mutations may be a pathogenic factor in this cohort. The severity of the POBINDS phenotype differs, and refractory epilepsy may be accompanied by a more serious DD/ID, language disorder, and motor retardation. At present, there is no specific treatment, and antiepileptic therapy usually requires the combination of two or more anti-epileptic drugs.
Keywords: CSNK2B; Casein kinase 2; Intellectual disability; Seizures.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.