A Rapid Review of Disparities in HIV Prevention and Care Outcomes Among Hispanic/Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States

AIDS Educ Prev. 2021 Aug;33(4):276-289. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2021.33.4.276.


In the United States, Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men (HLMSM) are disproportionally affected by HIV. We conducted a rapid review of national surveillance data to examine disparities in HIV prevention and care outcomes among HLMSM. Thirteen reports provided relevant data from 2011 to 2018. Compared to White MSM, a higher percentage of HIV-negative HLMSM reported not taking PrEP and engaging in condomless sex; a lower percentage of HIV-negative HLMSM at risk for HIV reported PrEP awareness and use; and a lower percentage of HIV-positive HLMSM were aware of their status, linked to HIV care, and virally suppressed. Viral suppression rates in HLMSM were better among Ryan White clients than the national rates, suggesting that access to comprehensive care/services reduces disparities. Findings also call for identifying individual, social, and structural factors contributing to condomless sex without PrEP use and HIV status unawareness and identifying best approaches for scaling up comprehensive care/services.

Keywords: HIV care outcome; HIV status awareness; Hispanic/Latino; PrEP awareness and use; condomless sex without PrEP; men who have sex with men.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Black or African American
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis*
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • United States / epidemiology