Nutrition Strategy and Life Style in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome-Narrative Review

Nutrients. 2021 Jul 18;13(7):2452. doi: 10.3390/nu13072452.


Here we present an extensive narrative review of the broadly understood modifications to the lifestyles of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The PubMed database was analyzed, combining PCOS entries with causes, diseases, diet supplementation, lifestyle, physical activity, and use of herbs. The metabolic pathways leading to disturbances in lipid, carbohydrate, and hormonal metabolism in targeted patients are described. The article refers to sleep disorders, changes in mental health parameters, and causes of oxidative stress and inflammation. These conditions consistently lead to the occurrence of severe diseases in patients suffering from diabetes, the fatty degeneration of internal organs, infertility, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, dysbiosis, and cancer. The modification of lifestyles, diet patterns and proper selection of nutrients, pharmacological and natural supplementation in the form of herbs, and physical activity have been proposed. The progress and consequences of PCOS are largely modifiable and depend on the patient's approach, although we have to take into account also the genetic determinants.

Keywords: PCOS; diet; herbs supporting; lifestyle; reproduction; sleep; supplementation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diet*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Dysbiosis / complications
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Metabolic Networks and Pathways
  • Plants, Medicinal
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / complications
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / therapy*
  • Sleep