Smarter Open Government Data for Society 5.0: Are Your Open Data Smart Enough?

Sensors (Basel). 2021 Jul 31;21(15):5204. doi: 10.3390/s21155204.


Nowadays, governments launch open government data (OGD) portals that provide data that can be accessed and used by everyone for their own needs. Although the potential economic value of open (government) data is assessed in millions and billions, not all open data are reused. Moreover, the open (government) data initiative as well as users' intent for open (government) data are changing continuously and today, in line with IoT and smart city trends, real-time data and sensor-generated data have higher interest for users. These "smarter" open (government) data are also considered to be one of the crucial drivers for the sustainable economy, and might have an impact on information and communication technology (ICT) innovation and become a creativity bridge in developing a new ecosystem in Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0. The paper inspects OGD portals of 60 countries in order to understand the correspondence of their content to the Society 5.0 expectations. The paper provides a report on how much countries provide these data, focusing on some open (government) data success facilitating factors for both the portal in general and data sets of interest in particular. The presence of "smarter" data, their level of accessibility, availability, currency and timeliness, as well as support for users, are analyzed. The list of most competitive countries by data category are provided. This makes it possible to understand which OGD portals react to users' needs, Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 request the opening and updating of data for their further potential reuse, which is essential in the digital data-driven world.

Keywords: COVID-19; Industry 4.0; OGD; OGD portal; Society 5.0; currentness; machine-redability; open data; open government data; real-time; sensor; smart portal; smart society, smart data; sustainability; timeliness.

MeSH terms

  • Cities
  • Communication*
  • Ecosystem*
  • Government
  • Inventions