ASH1L mutation caused seizures and intellectual disability in twin sisters

J Clin Neurosci. 2021 Sep:91:69-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2021.06.038. Epub 2021 Jul 1.


ASH1L mutations have been identified with variable phenotypes, including intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). However, the mechanisms underlying this phenotypic variation remain unknown. Here, we present twin sisters exhibiting mild intellectual disability and seizures. Whole-exome sequencing of the family revealed a novel de novo heterozygous sequence variant, NM_018489.2: c.2678dup (p.Lys894*) in exon 3 of ASH1L which was estimated to be pathogenic. Furthermore, we reviewed previously reported ASH1L mutations in order to evaluate genotype-phenotype correlations for ASH1L variants. We found that patients with missense mutations in ASH1L appeared to present with more severe phenotypes and a higher likelihood of ASD than those with truncating mutations. The relationship between phenotype and genotype reported across several patients may help to explain the mechanisms underlying the phenotypic variation commonly observed between ASH1L mutations.

Keywords: ASH1L mutation; Autism spectrum disorder; Intellectual disability; Seizure.

Publication types

  • Twin Study

MeSH terms

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder* / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability* / genetics
  • Mutation
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Phenotype
  • Seizures* / genetics


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • ASH1L protein, human
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase