A 59-year-old man was treated for early gastric cancer with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) 10 years prior to the study. Two months after the first ESD, he was diagnosed with recurrence on the ESD scar and treated via ESD again. The horizontal margin could not be evaluated because of cauterization, and the patient was carefully observed. He was admitted to our hospital complaining of low backache and diagnosed with disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow associated with gastric cancer after examination. Although he started chemotherapy, he died after 6 months. In this study, we report a rare case of disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow associated with gastric cancer, which developed 10 years after ESD.