Cortical atrophy is an early feature of Alzheimer´s disease (AD). The biological processes associated with variability in cortical thickness remain largely unknown. We studied 220 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins to evaluate biological pathways associated with cortical thickness in 34 brain regions in 79 cognitively normal older individuals with normal (>192 ng/L, n = 47), and abnormal (≤192 ng/L, n = 32) CSF beta-amyloid1-42 (Aβ42). Interactions for Aβ42 status were tested. Panther GeneOntology and Cytoscape ClueGO analyses were used to evaluate biological processes associated with regional cortical thickness. 170 (77.3 %) proteins related with cortical thickness in at least 1 brain region across the total group, and 171 (77.7 %) proteins showed Aβ42 specific associations. Higher levels of proteins related to axonal and synaptic integrity, amyloid accumulation, and inflammation were associated with thinner cortex in lateral temporal regions, the rostral anterior cingulum, the lateral occipital cortex and the pars opercularis only in the abnormal Aβ42 group. Alterations in CSF proteomics are associated with a regional cortical atrophy in the earliest stages of AD.
Keywords: Alzheimer´s disease; Biological pathway; Cerebrospinal fluid; Cognitively normal; Proteomics; cortical atrophy.
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.