Artificial Intelligence Applications in Intracranial Aneurysm: Achievements, Challenges and Opportunities

Acad Radiol. 2022 Mar:29 Suppl 3:S201-S214. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2021.06.013. Epub 2021 Aug 8.


Intracranial aneurysms present in about 3% of the general population and the number of detected aneurysms is continuously rising with the advances in imaging techniques. Intracranial aneurysm rupture carries a high risk of death or permanent disabilities; therefore assessment of the intracranial aneurysm along the entire course is of great clinical importance. Given the outstanding performance of artificial intelligence (AI) in image-based tasks, many AI-based applications have emerged in recent years for the assessment of intracranial aneurysms. In this review we will summarize the state-of-the-art of AI applications in intracranial aneurysms, emphasizing the achievements, and exploring the challenges. We will also discuss the future prospects and potential opportunities. This article provides an updated view of the AI applications in intracranial aneurysms and may act as a basis for guiding the related future works.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Computer-assisted Diagnosis; Imaging; Intracranial Aneurysm; Machine Learning.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm, Ruptured* / diagnostic imaging
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / diagnostic imaging