Oral Adult Rhabdomyoma

Head Neck Pathol. 2021 Dec;15(4):1253-1260. doi: 10.1007/s12105-021-01371-z. Epub 2021 Aug 10.


This report describes a case of an adult rhabdomyoma (ARM) occurring in the oral cavity. A 47-year-old man was referred for the diagnosis of a painless, well-circumscribed, submucous nodule located on the floor of the mouth, measuring approximately 6.0 cm in length. Computed tomography revealed a well-defined, solid, and hypodense mass. A benign salivary gland or mesenchymal tumor were the main diagnostic hypotheses. Under local anesthesia, the patient underwent surgical excision. Microscopically, the tumor comprised large polygonal well-defined cells with abundant, eosinophilic granular cytoplasm with cross striations. No atypia or mitosis was observed. The cells were positive for muscle-specific actin, desmin, and sarcomeric alpha-actin. Based on these features, a diagnosis of ARM was established. No recurrence was observed after 48 months. Although rare, ARM should be considered in the differential diagnosis of oral submucosal nodules, especially those located on the floor of the mouth.

Keywords: Benign neoplasms; Diagnosis; Differential; Immunohistochemistry; Mouth; Rhabdomyoma; Therapeutics.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Mouth Neoplasms / surgery
  • Rhabdomyoma / pathology*
  • Rhabdomyoma / surgery