Tremor Syndromes: An Updated Review

Front Neurol. 2021 Jul 26;12:684835. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2021.684835. eCollection 2021.


Tremor is the most commonly encountered movement disorder in clinical practice. A wide range of pathologies may manifest with tremor either as a presenting or predominant symptom. Considering the marked etiological and phenomenological heterogeneity, it would be desirable to develop a classification of tremors that reflects their underlying pathophysiology. The tremor task force of the International Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorders Society has worked toward this goal and proposed a new classification system. This system has remained a prime topic of scientific communications on tremor in recent times. The new classification is based on two axes: 1. based on the clinical features, history, and tremor characteristics and 2. based on the etiology of tremor. In this article, we discuss the key aspects of the new classification, review various tremor syndromes, highlight some of the controversies in the field of tremor, and share the potential future perspectives.

Keywords: action tremor; dystonic tremor; essential tremor plus; myorhythmia; neuropathic tremor; orthostatic tremor; rest tremor; tremor.

Publication types

  • Review