A 44-year-old previously healthy woman developed acute myelitis in close temporal relationship with ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine first-dose administration. The neurological involvement was mainly sensory with neuroimaging showing two mono-metameric lesions involving the posterior and lateral cord at dorsal level. Significant improvement was promptly recorded with high-dose intravenous steroids, with complete recovery within one month. The strict temporal relationship between vaccination and myelitis, together with the absence of clues pointing to alternative diagnoses, might suggest a conceivable role for anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccine as immunological trigger, although a causal relationship has yet to be established and our preliminary observation suggests caution.
Keywords: COVID-19; Myelopathy; Vaccine.
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