Somatic mutations arise randomly or are induced by environmental factors, which may increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Identifying somatic mutations in sporadic AD (SAD) may provide new insight of the disease. To evaluate the potential contribution of somatic single nucleotide variations (SNVs), particularly that of well-known AD-candidate genes, we investigated sequencing data sets from four platforms: whole-genome sequencing (WGS), deep whole-exome sequencing (WES) on paired brain and liver samples, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), and single-cell whole-genome sequencing (scWGS) of brain samples from 16 AD patients and 16 non-AD individuals. We found that the average number, mean variant allele fractions (VAFs) and mutational signatures of somatic SNVs have similar distributions between AD brains and non-AD brains. We did not identify any somatic SNVs within coding regions of the APP, PSEN1, PSEN2, nor in APOE. This study shows that somatic SNVs within the coding region of AD-candidate genes are unlikely to be a common causal factor for SAD.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Candidate genes; Multiple sequencing datasets; Somatic SNVs.
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