Updated International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Diagnostic Criteria and Surveillance and Management Recommendations

Pediatr Neurol. 2021 Oct:123:50-66. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2021.07.011. Epub 2021 Jul 24.


Background: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease affecting multiple body systems with wide variability in presentation. In 2013, Pediatric Neurology published articles outlining updated diagnostic criteria and recommendations for surveillance and management of disease manifestations. Advances in knowledge and approvals of new therapies necessitated a revision of those criteria and recommendations.

Methods: Chairs and working group cochairs from the 2012 International TSC Consensus Group were invited to meet face-to-face over two days at the 2018 World TSC Conference on July 25 and 26 in Dallas, TX, USA. Before the meeting, working group cochairs worked with group members via e-mail and telephone to (1) review TSC literature since the 2013 publication, (2) confirm or amend prior recommendations, and (3) provide new recommendations as required.

Results: Only two changes were made to clinical diagnostic criteria reported in 2013: "multiple cortical tubers and/or radial migration lines" replaced the more general term "cortical dysplasias," and sclerotic bone lesions were reinstated as a minor criterion. Genetic diagnostic criteria were reaffirmed, including highlighting recent findings that some individuals with TSC are genetically mosaic for variants in TSC1 or TSC2. Changes to surveillance and management criteria largely reflected increased emphasis on early screening for electroencephalographic abnormalities, enhanced surveillance and management of TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders, and new medication approvals.

Conclusions: Updated TSC diagnostic criteria and surveillance and management recommendations presented here should provide an improved framework for optimal care of those living with TSC and their families.

Keywords: Diagnostic criteria; Practical guidance; Surveillance and management guidelines; Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Consensus
  • Humans
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / diagnosis*
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / therapy*