Anatomical evaluation of the transpubic screw corridor based on a 3D statistical model of the pelvic ring

Sci Rep. 2021 Aug 17;11(1):16677. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-96219-5.

Abstract

Retrograde transpubic screw fixation is a common procedure for the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fractures. With its sparing surgical approach and significant pain relief after screw fixations allowing early mobilisation, it has gained importance especially in the treatment of insufficiency fractures in elderly patients. However, positioning of transpubic screw osteosynthesis is not always possible due to narrowness and curvature of the screw corridor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate availability and length of the screw corridor using a 3D statistical model of the pelvic ring consisting out of 150 uninjured pelves. Virtual bore probes with a diameter of 7.5 mm were analysed as to accessibility, length and grey value distribution in Hounsfield Unit (HU). A transpubic corridor with a diameter of ≥ 7.5 mm was available in 185 of 300 investigated superior pubic rami with mean screw length of 131.7 mm. Accessibility of the screw corridor was higher in males than in females. However, screw length showed no systematic differences between the sexes or ethnicities. Analysis of the grey value distribution demonstrated the strongest bone to be located at the lateral ilium and the supraacetabular region.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't