Background: Stickler syndrome is a group of connective tissue disorders that can affect eye (myopia, cataract, and retinal detachment), skeleton (spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia and precocious arthritis), craniofacies (midfacial under development and cleft palate), and inner ear (conductive and sensorineural); with the degree of symptoms varying among patients. Mutations in the COL2A1, COL11A1, COL11A2, COL9A1, COL9A2, and COL9A3 procollagen genes cause Stickler syndrome.
Case presentation: A 16-year-old Mongolian girl approached our clinics with retinal detachment. The proband had vitreous degeneration in both eyes, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in her right eye, a large area of retina degeneration in her left eye, and coupled with severe myopia. No obvious hearing disorder was found, no abnormalities in bones and joints, and her communication and learning capability were also normal. Further clinical examination showed that the patient's other five family members across three generations had vitreous and retina degenerations. Exome sequencing showed a heterozygous splicing variant in COL2A1 in all patients.
Conclusions: In this case report, a pathogenic splicing variant in the COL2A1 gene was identified in a Mongolian family affected with Stickler syndrome type I by exome sequencing. This heterozygous splicing variant in COL2A1 (NM_001844.4:C.2518-1G>A) that may impair splicing, which was suggested by in silico prediction. Next-generation sequencing is helpful for the differential diagnosis of this clinically variable and genetically heterogeneous disorder.
Keywords: COL2A1; stickler syndrome; type I collagenopathy.
© 2021 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.