Purpose: To highlight the current evidence and the limitations in data to support a personalized approach in breast oncology radiation therapy management and define steps needed for clinical implementation.
Methods and materials: A critical review of the current literature on the use of genomics in breast radiation therapy was undertaken by a group of breast radiation oncologists to discuss current data, future directions, and challenges.
Results: A summary of the existing data, ongoing clinical trials, and future directions is provided. The authors note many groups have developed radiation-specific genomic assays, which demonstrate promise in prediction of local control and benefit from radiation therapy; however, prospective validation of their utility is needed. Limitations continue to exist in our understanding of tumor biology and how it can be integrated into clinical practice.
Conclusions: Given the relative ubiquity of breast radiation therapy, the variety of dose and fractionation approaches, and the current data to support a personalized approach, it is our belief that the delivery of breast radiation therapy is uniquely poised for a genomically personalized radiation therapy approach. Prospective clinical trials implementing genomic signatures are needed at this time to advance the field.
© 2021 The Author(s).