Clinical impacts of scar reduction on gated myocardial perfusion SPECT after cardiac resynchronization therapy

J Nucl Cardiol. 2021 Aug 19. doi: 10.1007/s12350-021-02722-7. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: It had not been reported that myocardial scar shown on gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GMPS) might reduce after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In this study, we aim to investigate the clinical impact and characteristic of scar reduction (SR) after CRT.

Methods and results: Sixty-one heart failure patients following standard indication for CRT received twice GMPS as pre- and post-CRT evaluations. The patients with an absolute reduction of scar ≥ 10% after CRT were classified as the SR group while the rest were classified as the non-SR group. The SR group (N = 22, 36%) showed more improvement on LV function (∆LVEF: 18.1 ± 12.4 vs 9.4 ± 9.9 %, P = 0.007, ∆ESV: - 91.6 ± 52.6 vs - 38.1 ± 46.5 mL, P < 0.001) and dyssynchrony (ΔPSD: - 26.19 ± 18.42 vs - 5.8 ± 23.0°, P < 0.001, Δ BW: - 128.7 ± 82.8 vs - 25.2 ± 109.0°, P < 0.001) than non-SR group (N = 39, 64%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed baseline QRSd (95% CI 1.019-1.100, P = 0.006) and pre-CRT Reduced Wall Thickening (RWT) (95% CI 1.016-1.173, P = 0.028) were independent predictors for the development of SR.

Conclusion: More than one third of patients showed SR after CRT who had more post-CRT improvement on LV function and dyssynchrony than those without SR. Wider QRSd and higher RWT before CRT were related to the development of SR after CRT.

Keywords: Cardiac resynchronization therapy; heart failure; mechanical dyssynchrony; myocardial scar; phase analysis.