An audit of gynae-oncology practices in ovarian cancer treatment based on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol amongst two gynae-oncology units, in UK and in Pakistan

J Pak Med Assoc. 2021 Aug;71(8):2014-2017. doi: 10.47391/JPMA.320.


Objective: To compare peri-operative practices and complications in ovarian cancer patients undergoing upfront surgery for primary disease under enhanced recovery after surgery protocol and traditional practices.

Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was done at the gynaecology departments of St Georges Hospital, United Kingdom, and the Aga Khan Hospital, Pakistan, and comprised data of an equal number of ovarian cancer patients from each centre who underwent ovarian cancer surgery from January 2015 to December 2016. The former centre practiced the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol, while the latter centre followed traditional practices. Data was analysed using SPSS 19.

Results: Of the 100 patients, there were 50(50%) in each group. Baseline variables were comparable except for diabetes which was more prevalent in the local group (p=0.03). Mechanical bowel preparation was performed in 47(94%) of local patients compared to 1(2%) in the other group, while the duration for nil-per-mouth status as well as the use of nasogastric tube and peritoneal drain were significantly different (p<0.05). Epidural anaesthesia was used in 39(78%) of patients in Pakistan compared to 4(8%) in the United Kingdom. The duration of thromboprophylaxis was also significantly different (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery protocol was found to have the potential to improve postoperative outcomes and good functional recovery without compromising patient safety.

Keywords: Enhanced recovery, Gynaecological oncology, Surgery, Complications..

MeSH terms

  • Anticoagulants
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Enhanced Recovery After Surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ovarian Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Pakistan
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • United Kingdom
  • Venous Thromboembolism*


  • Anticoagulants