Melatonin Supplementation and Anthropometric Indices: A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Clinical Trial

Biomed Res Int. 2021 Aug 10:2021:3502325. doi: 10.1155/2021/3502325. eCollection 2021.


Obesity, as the most common metabolic disorder in the world, is characterized by excess body fat. This study is aimed at determining the effects of melatonin supplementation on body weight, nody mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and body fat mass percentage (BFMP) in people with overweight or obesity. Thirty eight overweight or class-I obese adult individuals were recruited in the study (8 men and 30 women). Participants prescribed a weight-loss diet and then randomly were allocated to melatonin or placebo groups. Participants received either a 3-milligram melatonin or placebo tablet per day for 12 weeks. In order to assess differences at the significance level of 0.05, repeated measure ANOVA and paired t-test were used. According to the results, a significant reduction was found in participants' body weight, WC, and BMI in both groups (p = 0.001). However, for the last six weeks, significant reductions of these parameters were observed only in the melatonin group (p = 0.01). The BFMP of participants in the melatonin group showed a significant reduction at the end of the study compared to the initial measurements (p = 0.008). Nevertheless, the results of the present study alone are not sufficient to conclude on the effects of melatonin consumption on anthropometric indices, and it seems that further studies are required in this regard.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Composition / drug effects
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight / drug effects*
  • Diet, Reducing
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Melatonin / administration & dosage*
  • Melatonin / pharmacology
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / diet therapy*
  • Overweight / diet therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Waist Circumference / drug effects*


  • Melatonin