External validation of a high-sensitive troponin I algorithm for rapid evaluation of acute myocardial infarction in a Danish cohort

Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2021 Dec 6;10(9):1056-1064. doi: 10.1093/ehjacc/zuab062.


Aims: An accelerated diagnostic algorithm for ruling-in or ruling-out myocardial infarction (MI) after 1 hour (1 h) has recently been derived and internally validated for the Siemens ADVIA Centaur TNIH assay. We aimed to validate the diagnostic performance of the TNIH 0 h/1 h algorithm ad modum Boeddinghaus in a Danish cohort.

Methods and results: Patients with chest pain suggestive of MI were prospectively enrolled. High-sensitive troponin I (TNIH) was measured at admission (0 h) and after 30 minutes (30 m), 1 h, and 3 hours (3 h). We externally validated the TNIH 0 h/1 h algorithm ad modum Boeddinghaus in Danish patients. Moreover, we applied the algorithm using the second TNIH measurement at 30 m instead of 1 h. We enrolled 1003 patients: median (Q1-Q3) age 64 (52-74) years, 42% female, and 23% with previous MI. Myocardial infarction was the final diagnosis in 9% of patients. Median (Q1-Q3) times from admission to 30 m and 1 h blood draw were 35 min (30-37 min) and 67 min (62-75 min), respectively. Using the 0 h and 1 h results, 468 (47%) patients were assigned to rule-out, 104 (10%) to rule-in, and 431 (43%) to the observational zone. This resulted in a negative predictive value of 100% (95% confidence interval: 99.2-100%), sensitivity of 100% (95.9-100%), positive predictive value of 79.8 (70.8-87.0%), and specificity of 97.7% (96.5-98.6%). The diagnostic performance after 30 m was similar.

Conclusions: The TNIH 0 h/1 h algorithm ad modum Boeddinghaus performed excellently for rule-out of MI in a Danish cohort. The Boeddinghaus algorithm also performed excellently after only 30 m.

Trial registration number: NCT03634384.

Trial registry name and url: Rapid Use of High-Sensitive Cardiac Troponin I for Ruling-in and Ruling-out Acute Myocardial Infarction (RACING-MI), https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03634384.

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction; Diagnostic algorithm; Troponin.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Biomarkers
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction* / diagnosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Troponin I*


  • Biomarkers
  • Troponin I

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03634384