Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Awareness Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men with a History of Criminal Justice Involvement in Six U.S. Cities: Findings from the HPTN 061 Study

Arch Sex Behav. 2021 Oct;50(7):2943-2946. doi: 10.1007/s10508-021-02010-y. Epub 2021 Aug 24.


Transition from detention to the community for Black men who have sex with men with criminal justice involvement (BMSM-CJI) represents a particularly vulnerable period for HIV acquisition and transmission. We examined levels of HIV PrEP awareness among BMSM-CJI. PrEP awareness among BMSM-CJI was low (7.9%) with evidence of lower awareness levels among those with STI. There was evidence that HIV testing history was associated with higher PrEP awareness. Study findings highlight needs for further assessment of PrEP knowledge among BMSM-CJI. The strong association between HIV testing and PrEP awareness underscores an opportunity to integrate PrEP education within HIV/STI testing services.

Keywords: Criminal justice; Men who have sex with men (MSM); Minority populations; PrEP; Sexual orientation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Cities
  • Criminal Law
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis*
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases*