Utilizing Probiotics for the Prevention and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Diseases

Front Microbiol. 2021 Aug 9:12:689958. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.689958. eCollection 2021.


Probiotics are heavily advertised to promote a healthy gastrointestinal tract and boost the immune system. This review article summarizes the history and diversity of probiotics, outlines conventional in vitro assays and in vivo models, assesses the pharmacologic effects of probiotic and pharmaceutical co-administration, and the broad impact of clinical probiotic utilization for gastrointestinal disease indications.

Keywords: food microbiology; probiotic cultures; probiotic microbiology; probiotic pharmacology; probiotic treatment of gastrointestinal disease; probiotics.

Publication types

  • Review