In recent years, epidemiological studies have identified a relationship between diet and cerebro-cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this regard, there is a promising dietary group for cardiovascular protection are polyphenols, especially anthocyanins. Vascular reactivity studies were performed using Healthberry 865® and constituent single anthocyanins to characterize vasomotor responses; immunofluorescence analysis with dichlorofluorescein diacetate and dihydroethidium were used to evaluate nitric oxide and oxidative stress; lucigenin assay was used to measure NADPH oxidase activity; and gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting were used to dissect the molecular mechanisms involved. We demonstrated that Healthberry 865® exerts an important vasorelaxant effect of resistance artery functions in mice. Its action is mediated by nitric oxide release through the intracellular signaling PI3K/Akt. Moreover, behind its capability of modulating vascular tone, it also exerts an important antioxidant effect though the modulation of the NADPH oxidase enzyme. Interestingly, its cardiovascular properties are mediated by the selective action of different anthocyanins. Finally, the exposure of human dysfunctional vessels to Healthberry 865® significantly reduces oxidative stress and improves NO bioavailability. Although further investigations are needed, our data demonstrate the direct role of Healthberry 865® on the modulation of vasculature, both on the vasorelaxation and on oxidative stress; thus, supporting the concept that a pure mixture of anthocyanins could be helpful in preventing the onset of vascular dysfunction associated with the development of CVD.
Keywords: anthocyanins; cardiovascular; endothelium; oxidative stress.