The gut microbiome is closely related to gut metabolic functions, and the gut microbiome and host metabolic functions affect each other. Clostridium butyricum MIYAIRI 588 (CBM 588) upregulates protectin D1 production in host colon tissue following G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 120 activation to protect gut epithelial cells under antibiotic-induced dysbiosis. However, how CBM 588 enhances polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolites remains unclear. Therefore, we focused on the metabolic function alterations of the gut microbiome after CBM 588 and protectin D1 administration to reveal the interaction between the host and gut microbiome through lipid metabolism during antibiotic-induced dysbiosis. Consequently, CBM 588 modified gut microbiome and increased the butyric acid and oleic acid content. These lipid metabolic modifications induced GPR activation, which is a trigger of ERK 1/2 signaling and directed differentiation of downstream immune cells in the host colon tissue. Moreover, endogenous protectin D1 modified the gut microbiome, similar to CBM 588. This is the first study to report that CBM 588 influences the interrelationship between colon tissue and the gut microbiome through lipid metabolism. These findings provide insights into the mechanisms of prevention and recovery from inflammation and the improvement of host metabolism by CBM 588.
Keywords: Clostridium butyricum; G-protein coupled receptor 120; protectin D1.